Arson [1] is the crime of willfully and maliciously setting fire to or charring property.[2] Though the act typically involves buildings, the term arson can also refer to the intentional burning of other things, such as motor vehicles, watercraft, or forests.[2] The crime is typically classified as a felony, with instances involving a greater degree of risk to human life or property carrying a stricter penalty.

[2] A common motive for arson is to commit insurance fraud.[2][3] In such cases, a person destroys their own property by burning it and then lies about the cause in order to collect against their insurance policy.

A person who commits arson is called an arsonist. Arsonists normally use an accelerant (such as gasoline or kerosene) to ignite, propel and directionalize fires, and the detection and identification of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) is an important part of fire investigations. Pyromania is an impulse control disorder characterized by the pathological setting of fires. Most acts of arson are not committed by pyromaniacs.

The malicious burning of the dwelling
of another

Malicious
For purposes of common law arson, “malicious” refers action creating a great risk of a burning. It is not required that the defendant acted intentionally or willfully for the purpose of burning a dwelling.[original research?]

Burning
At common law charring to any part of dwelling was sufficient to satisfy this element. No significant amount of damage to the dwelling was required. Any injury or damage to the structure caused by exposure to heat or flame is sufficient.

Of the dwelling
‘Dwelling’ refers to a place of residence. The destruction of an unoccupied building was not considered arson, “…since arson protected habitation, the burning of an unoccupied house did not constitute arson.” At common law a structure did not become a residence until the first occupants had moved in, and ceased to be a dwelling if the occupants abandoned the premises with no intention of resuming their residency.[8] Dwelling includes structures and outbuildings within the curtilage.[9] Dwellings were not limited to houses. A barn could be the subject of arson occupied as a dwelling.

Of another
Burning one’s own dwelling does not constitute common law arson, even if the purpose was to collect insurance, because “it was generally assumed in early England that one had the legal right to destroy his own property in any manner he chose”.[10] Moreover, for purposes of common law arson, possession or occupancy rather than title determines whose dwelling the structure is.

As we stealth our swords, do know that all arsonists caught shall be liable for criminal acts and punishable under the law of Nigeria.

Let us help ourselves to know that these actions by the enemies of the #EndSARS movement and of Nigeria are commiting crimes against humanity and should be brought to book.

#StopTheBurning #StopArson

It is time to give peace a chance and rebuild Lagos and NIGERIA.

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